Not Scottish History

Our home.

I know I’m supposed to be talking about Scottish history, but what’s done is done. No point in thinking about it now. Arapahoe Community College is a great school. I’ve accomplished more tasks at this school than any other.

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Classic Greek Fashion

In Ancient Greece, clothing was not about fashion but practicality. Overall there were about four types of clothes among both men and women and were all in the shape of squares when they were not worn. These four types of clothes were; the ChitonPeplosHimation, and Chlamys. The Chiton was a type of tunic worn by men that was folded over one shoulder or both. If the Chiton was folded over one shoulder it was known as an Exomie. The Chiton was usually made out of imported linen or a light wool-like material because men were usually outdoors, typically working or exercising.

The Peplos was a full body dress/tunic worn by women that was usually made from a heavy wool-like material. It was designed to cover most of a women’s body because it was considered proper for a Greek women to reveal nothing. The Peplos was typically fastened with brooches, buttons, or pins. This style is actually fairly popular in modern times among dressmakers.

The Himation was typically worn in the winter and was a heavy wool fabric worn like a Roman toga and was meant to keep the wearer warm. It was also popular among soldiers whom were away from home because it could be used as a blanket during the night.

The Chlamys was worn by young active men and was a thin piece of cloth/wool that was pinned around one shoulder.

The Greeks often colored/dyed their clothes or embroidered patterns in them to make them more appealing to the eyes. Contrary to popular belief, the Greeks enjoyed bright colors and did not leave everything white.

These four types of clothes were usually the only items that were worn, the Greeks typically walked around barefoot, only wearing boots or sandals during formal events. Many Greeks went their entire lives without ever wearing and sandals or boots. Just like shoes, hats were an uncommon item, sometimes men wore a wide brimmed hat called Petasos which was designed to reduce heat from the sun when working outdoors. women were also known to occasionally wear a ha with crowns, but this was probably only worn for very formal occasions. Overall, the Greeks valued practicality over fashion.

Sources:

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/grdr/hd_grdr.htm

http://www.ancient.eu/article/20/

http://www.novaroma.org/nr/Ancient_Greek_Clothing

Medical Shmedical!

Heal me, won’t ya lass? During this time, medicine was definitely more natural than our Advil that we take today. They would use different herbs to heal the sick and mend a broken bone. They couldn’t do much about diseases such as the plague, but Healers were still available to heal in any way they could. There were these creatures that could heal people. The fancy people that took care of the ill were called Healers. Before they became Healers, they were thought to b witches because they would mix up “potions” and people thought it was of the devil. Once everyone got over that notion, Healers were used everywhere. Therapeutic procedures and supplement intake were used even way back then. Today’s technology was just advanced the idea.  Most Healers were females. Strange how that works. Women could be Healers but couldn’t earn the title Doctor. Well beats me. Need a doc? Give me a call at 1-800-Heal-Scott and we’ll take care of you! Be prepared to feel young and healthy again!

http://www.rcpe.ac.uk/library-archives/celtic-medicine-scotland

http://www.scran.ac.uk/scotland/pdf/SP2_3Health.pdf

 

Got a Taste for Fashion?

The Scottish people had their own sense of fashion. Doesn’t everyone? In the mid-18th century, Highlanders gave the Scotts the patterned kilt trend. The colors in the kilts represented a clan name. It was a way of knowing where you stand in society, religion, and house. Around the 1740’s, it was illegal to wear the “belted plaid”, also known as the kilt, unless you were a soldier. Back then, that was the uniform. The way of identifying your friend form your foe. You were of course able to wear your clan pattern in a dress, blouse, or trouser form, but the kilt was meant for the Scottish army’s use. They also did this so they could do away with Highlanders. They were mostly known to be thugs or deserters of their duties.

As an accessory, so to speak, the Scotts wore tartans which are the pieces of fabric you see above that come across the chest and are pined to the jacket with a clan crest.

Lastly, the Scottish wore sporran and garter flashes. A sporran is the canteen with usually the fur hanging off of it. The garter flashes are the stocking like socks you see them wearing. Up on their thighs they wear a strap that holds a knife. Yes, the knife is meant for protection. Well, that’s all for now! Stay tuned to find out more about the mysterious Scottish past.

read:https://www.reconstructinghistory.com/articles/scottish-articles/the-evolution-of-the-kilt-the-18th-century-and-the-kilt.html

 

 

The Politics of Ancient Greece

I’m sure many of you are familiar with the idea of Ancient Greece creating the first democratic government system. However, only a few Ancient Greek city-states actually utilized this system. Altogether there were almost 1,500 (all numbers will be based around 500 BCE) city-states, however many of these were so small that in modern times we could barely call them towns. In fact, Athens, the largest city-state, had an estimated population of 200,000. As a comparison, in 2013 the city of Denver had a population of around 649,000. Anyway, the Greek city-states had many different government systems. These systems included, but were not limited to; monarchies, tyrants, oligarchies and democracy. I will discuss the political sysems of the two most powerful city-states starting with Sparta. The city-state of Sparta utilized a monarch/tyrant to rule their incredibly large land (around 4,000 square miles) despite having a small population of almost 16,000 (males). This harsh rule complimented their harsh society, boys were taken at the age of 7 to begin military training and remained in the military until the age of 60. Another harsh reality was that a majority of the population were Helot slaves. All of this allowed a small city-state to be arguably one of the two most powerful city-states with the other one being Athens. Athens utilized a democratic system where every male citizen was part of the government and was allowed to help make governmental decisions. This means that Athens had a government that consisted of almost 35,000 people. Just as the harsh monarch system complimented Sparta, this democratic system complimented Athens. The Athenian people were always trying to work for the future and military service was optional. The democratic system is often considered the best thing to come out of Ancient Greece which also compliments Athens as the people were always looking to the future and wanting to create a positive influence and it is for this reason that most of the great Ancient Greek philosophers originated in Athens.

Sources:

http://www.ancient.eu/Greek_Government/

http://www.pbs.org/empires/thegreeks/background/9a.html

https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=denver%20population

http://www.diffen.com/difference/Athens_vs_Sparta

Greek Religious Values Through the Ages

I’m sure that many people are familiar with Classical Greek Religion. However, modern Greece is now a very Christian country with many of the old traditions fading away. The first time Classical Geek Mythology was compiled together was around the 8th century by the Greek poet Hesoid. Hesoid combined the many Greek Creation myths about the foundation of Earth and the universe into one story about Gaia and Eros creating Earth in the Void in order to give a place to the gods which ultimately led to the creation of the Titans, Gods and Mankind. Greek mythology continued to evolve from there through countless sources into what we know today and call Classical Greek Mythology. Classical Greek Mythology continued it’s existence until the Roman Emperor Theodosius I ordered the closure of Greek Pagan sites in 379 CE, then ends Pagan games in 393 CE and finally orders the destruction of Olympia in 426 CE. Theodosius declared that Christianity was the official religion of the Roman Empire in 392 CE which included modern day Greece. Christianity became so popular through the Roman Empire that the city of Constantinople  (formerly the Greek city Byzantine) became a cultural hub of Christianity. Constantinople remained a center of Christian Ideology (specifically Orthodox Christianity) until the sack of Constantinople in 1453 CE. After this the city was once again renamed this time to Istanbul by Islamic invaders. This did not hinder Christianity very much because the Islamic people tolerated Christians and recognized Jesus as a great prophet and declared the Christian populace as another People of the Book. When Greece was finally able to break away from Roman Catholics and Islam, it was allowed to elect it’s own Kephale in 1850. Today the Church of Greece is governed by the Archbishop of Athens and Christianity is important to the vast majority of the Greek people.

Sources:

http://www.ancient-origins.net/human-origins-folklore/greek-mythology-and-human-origins-0064

http://www.ancient.eu/timeline/Greek_Religion/

http://www.goarch.org/ourfaith/ourfaith7053

Politicians Much?

Man! I need to get me one of those guys! Scotland had a thing for parliament. But before parliament, the Scottish people were broken into sectors. Each sector had a ruler, or in this case, a laird. The lairds ruled over clans. The clans were groups of individuals that carried an ancestor’s name and would be known as that clan by the colors in their plaid uniforms and the last name bestowed upon them. The Scotts were strong nationalists. They believed in their ways; that their ways were fine the way they were. The British King thought differently. Britain invaded the lands of the Scottish to try to convince them that they needed to conform to British ways. Maybe the British were just trying to help the Scotts, but no way Jose did that end well.  Politics really do get in the way of a lovely friendship.  Eventually the Scottish political system grew to a parliament based sector, without lairds and clans, and followed some British influences. No more separate clans. No more sector lords. Just a good ole group of men making decisions  for Scotland to be the best in can be!

Religious, Yes?

scotland religion

Tell me… are ya or aren’tcha? Them Scotts were and still are hugely religious people. They follow all of the branches of Christian religion and lines of the Roman Catholic church teachings. John Knox was a Scottish clergyman whom led the protestant church but later founded the Presbyterian church.  From then on, there were reunions that would ultimately result in the majority of the Free Church rejoining the Church of Scotland in 1929. Talk about religious. You’d been called the devil’s worker if you didn’t attend church regularly. You had to watch out for any sign that a fellow clan or Scott wasn’t of the devil practices. Christianity has the largest influence, by far, in Scotland.

Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2015.